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The name Taprobana is attributed to Megasthenes in the 4th century BCE.Ptolemy's map used the name Taprobane, establishing that in the 1st-2nd century CE the country was known to the West as Taprobane.
The 1815 treaty between the English and the `Adigars' of the Kandyian kingdom use the name Sinhalé therein.The British signed a treaty with the Kandyan Adigars (minsters) handing over Sinhalé to the British in return for their guaranteeing various rights including the primacy of Buddhism.It soon became evident that the "Kandyan convention" was a sham which was not being respected by the British.The 1818 rebellion as well as other uprisings were brutally suppressed by the new British rulers using genocidal measures.The Kandyans were dispossessed of their land which was rapidly converted to coffee plantations, and subsequently to tea.Subsequent names, e.g., 'Ceilao', "Ceilan", `Ceylam', Ceylan', Zeilon, and Ceylon are adapted from "Serendib". The Frenchman Sier Sanson's 1652 map uses 'Ceylan'.
The Dutch map of 1681 uses the name Ceylon and Conde Uda to refer to the kingdom of Kandy (Conde).
However, the name Salaka was also used in Greek, at the time.
`Taprobane' is believed to be derived from `Tambapanni', a name allegedly given to the island by Founder-Prince, Vijaya, because of the golden brown sands of the coast near Mannar (Manthota) where he landed.
In this the Portuguese were supported by low-caste tamils who had been converted to Christianity already during the co-habitation of Sankili-I with the Portuguese.
However, Mudliyar Attapattu who had been dispatched by the King of Kandy (Senerat) with an army of 10,000 defeated the the Portuguese soon after, as documented then by Joao Ribeiro and more recently by Tikiri Abeysinghe, (Jaffna under the Portuguese ISBN 955-1131-70-1).
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